Geographic Information Systems
Alternative GIS Software

Mark Foley

Open source GIS Architecture

Open source GIS Architecture

# Notable commercial or proprietary Desktop GIS
* Note: Almost all of the below companies offer Desktop GIS and WebMap Server products. Some offer Spatial DBMS products as well.
* Companies with high market share * Autodesk – Products that interface with its flagship AutoCAD software package include Map 3D, Topobase, and MapGuide. * Bentley Systems – Products that interface with its flagship MicroStation software package include Bentley Map and Bentley Map View. * ERDAS IMAGINE by ERDAS Inc – Products include Leica Photogrammetry Suite, ERDAS ER Mapper, ERDAS ECW/JP2 SDK (ECW (file format)) are used throughout the entire mapping community (GIS, Remote Sensing, Photogrammetry, and image compression) and ERDAS APOLLO. * Esri – Products include ArcView 3.x, ArcGIS, ArcSDE, ArcIMS, ArcWeb services and ArcGIS Server. * Intergraph – Products include G/Technology, GeoMedia, GeoMedia Professional, GeoMedia WebMap, and add-on products for industry sectors, as well as photogrammetry. * MapInfo by Pitney Bowes Software – Powerful desktop GIS MapInfo Professional is enhanced with many plug-ins including MapInfo Drivetime for route analysis, MapInfo Engage 3D for 3D and statistical analysis, MapInfo MapMarker for Geocoding. * RemoteView by Overwatch – RemoteView is one of the most widely used imagery analysis tools within the US government to collect geospatial intelligence. * Smallworld – developed in Cambridge, England (Smallworld, Inc.) and purchased by General Electric. Used primarily by public utilities. * SuperMap Inc. – Chinese company of GIS software. It produces Desktop, Component and Service GIS for Asia and global markets.
# Notable commercial or proprietary Desktop GIS
* Companies with minor but notable market share * Avenza – Products include MAPublisher, Geographic Imager and PDF Maps for Android and iOS. * Cadcorp – Products include Cadcorp SIS, GeognoSIS, mSIS and developer kits. * Caliper – Products include Maptitude, TransModeler and TransCAD. * Dragon/ips – Remote sensing software with GIS capabilities. * ENVI – Utilized for image analysis, exploitation, and hyperspectral analysis. * Geosoft – GIS and data processing software used in natural resource exploration. * GeoTime – software for 3D visual analysis and reporting of location data over time; an ArcGIS extension is also available. * IDRISI – GIS and Image Processing product developed by Clark Labs at Clark University. Affordable and robust, it is used for both operations and education. * MapDotNet – Framework written in C#/.NET for building WPF, Silverlight, and HTML5 applications. * Manifold System – GIS software package. * Netcad – Desktop and web based GIS products developed by Ulusal CAD ve GIS Çözümleri A.Ş.. * RegioGraph by GfK GeoMarketing – GIS software for business planning and analyses; company also provides compatible maps and market data. * TatukGIS – GIS development components (for .NET WinForms/WPF, ActiveX, VCL) and gis desktop software.
# GIS as a Service
* Many suppliers are now starting to offer Internet based services as well as or instead of downloadable software and/or data. These can be free, funded by advertising or paid for on subscription; they split into three areas:
* SaaS – Software as a Service: Software available on as a service on the Internet * PaaS – Platform as a Service: geocoding or analysis/processing services * DaaS – Data as a Service: data or content services
# Open source Software * The development of open source GIS software has—in terms of software history—a long tradition with the appearance of a first system in 1978. Numerous systems are available which cover all sectors of geospatial data handling.
* GRASS GIS – Originally developed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: a complete GIS. * gvSIG – Written in Java. Runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OS X and Windows. * ILWIS (Integrated Land and Water Information System) – Integrates image, vector and thematic data. * JUMP GIS / OpenJUMP ((Open) Java Unified Mapping Platform) – The desktop GISs OpenJUMP, SkyJUMP, deeJUMP and Kosmo all emerged from JUMP.[3] * MapWindow GIS – Free desktop application and programming component. * QGIS (previously known as Quantum GIS) – Runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OS X and Windows. * SAGA GIS (System for Automated Geoscientific Analysis) –- A hybrid GIS software. Has a unique Application Programming Interface (API) and a fast growing set of geoscientific methods, bundled in exchangeable Module Libraries. * uDig – API and source code (Java) available.

Other geospatial tools

Spatial database management systems

Software development frameworks and libraries (for web applications)

Other tools

Highlights - Typical “stack”

Highlights - Other notable tools

Utility programs distributed with GDAL/OGR.


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